Stockholm Arlanda Airport
Stockholm Arlanda Airport is the larger of Stockholm's two airports. The airport is located in Sigtuna, close to a town call Märsta, and is about 37 kilometres north of Stockholm. It is the largest airport in Sweden and the third-largest airport in Nordic Region.
Arlanda serves as a major gateway when it comes to international air travel. Nearly 27 million passengers travelled through Arlanda in 2018.
The airport opened in 1959, but only as an airport for practice flights. It officially opened as a passenger airport in 1962, but a limited number of flights started already in 1960. Already from the beginning it was used for intercontinental flights by SAS serving routes to North America with the DC-8. Pan Am also served Stockholm Arlanda, giving SAS some competion. In the 1960s and 1970s there was a significant increase in air travel from Arlanda, and it actually had many occurences of B747 serving on charter flights to the Canary Islands.
Up until the 1980s, domestic traffic operated mainly from Stockholm-Bromma airport, except for the SAS DC-9s which were considered to be to noisy for Bromma. But, in 1983 a shift of traffic from Bromma to Arlanda began and these took place from what is now terminal 4. This lead to an expansion of the airport terminal, and two new domestic terminals were built and opened in 1990.
Originally, Arlanda had two runways (01/19 and 08/26). Runway 01/19 became 01L/19R when the new runway 01R/19L opened in 2003. The new runway was scheduled to open in 2002, but a drop in passenger numbers and flights delayed the opening until 2003. In 2014 the application for an expansion of terminal 5 was approved, and the work began in 2015. This was done to accomodate the larger new aircrafts, such as the A380.
Charts & Flight procedures
The airport has two parallel runways, 01L/19R and 01R/191L, and a third runway 08/26. Runway in use is primarily decided based on METAR and TAF. During times of high traffic density the two parallel runways be used for departures and arrivals. In general, the runway configuration at Stockholm-Arlanda has many different configurations when it comes to usage. For your arrival and departure planning please reference the table below.
|Wind direction||Condition||Arrival runway||Departure runway|
|280-350||IMC||01L||Primary 08, secondary 01L|
When runway 08 is in use for departure, the SID from 08 will either be right turn or a left turn departure. Whether it is a right or left turn after departure depends on which runway is in use for arrival. If 19R/L is used for arrivals, the departures from runway 08 will be a right turn. If 01L/R is used for arrivals, the departures from runway 08 will be left turn.
The airport has several taxiways, where Z and X are the main. Taxiway X is for used for taxi in a clockwise direction around the terminal, while taxiway Z are used for taxi in a counter-clockwise direction. Taxiway W and U are bi-directional taxiways depending on runway in configuration. When 19L is used for departures, taxiway W and U goes towards the runway. When runway 19L/01R is used for arrivals, taxiway W and U goes from the runway.
Arlanda has several intersections along the runway, please refer to the AIP. In general, one should try to vacate via Y6 or Y8 when arriving on 01L, Y3 when arriving on 19R, X3 or X2 when arriving 26, W4 or W3 when arriving 19L and W5 or W6 when arriving 01R. Intersection departures are allowed from intersection Y2 and Y3 on 01L, Y8 and Y9 on 19R and W6 and W7 on 19L. In rare cases, X3 is used for intersection departures on runway 08.
Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) will be in operation when the Runway Visual Range falls below 550 meters or when the ceiling or vertical visibility (VV) falls below 200ft. ILS Category III approaches are available to 01L, 01R and 19R.
Departure - IFR
Flight plan clearance may be obtained up to 25 minutes prior to Estimated Off Block Time (EOBT).
Pushback procedures at Arlanda is pretty straight forward, or backwards if you prefer. Aircrafts not considered as large, or heavy, will be pushed straight back and released by the ground crew, unless otherwise instructed. Pilots may request pushback to align with the appropriated taxiway from Air Traffic Control (ATC), if traffic situation permits this will be granted. Aircrafts considered as heavy will be aligned on the outbound taxiway. Pushback must be initiated within 60 seconds after obtaining permission for pushback. If not, the approval is automatically revoked and a new one must be obtained. Do not request pushback unless you are ready to push!
Leaving certain stands is done via specific taxiways. Please refer to the AIP. Stockholm has defined standard taxi routes, and the only clearance you may receive for taxi is "Taxi runway XX". You are then required to follow the standard taxi routes.
De-icing mainly takes place on the stands, but some times also on the Apron M. On terminal 2, pushback is to be completed prior to de-icing.
Reduced runway separation is in use at the airport for aircraft categories 1, 2 and 3 in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC). Meaning, if you are flying a Boieng 737, you may cleared for take-off once the preceeding aircraft (for example a Boeing 737) has just lifted off from the runway. If additional wake turbulance separation is required, ATC must be notified. Pilots needs to be able to commence take-off roll immediately when clearance for take-off is issued.
Arlanda has established Area Navigation (RNAV) Standard Instrument Departures (SID) and Omni-Directional Departures. RNAV SIDs has an initial climb of 5000ft, while the omni-directional departures usually is assigned an initial climb of 3000ft and/or a turn towards a specific point. When above the Minimum Radar Vectoring Altitude (MRVA), expect the possibility of directs/shortcuts to your first flight plan waypoint. Aircraft departing on an omni-directional departure may expect to turn when passing 600ft. A minimum rate of climb (ROC) on omni-directional departures must be 700ft per minute or greater.
Arrival - IFR
The Standard Arrival Routes (STAR) at Arlanda is RNAV 1 (based on DME/DME and GNSS). Arlanda also has P-RNAV arrivals, but these are seldom used, and if used it will be during night when there is low traffic density. Please study the approach charts carefully as there are level restrictions on the arrivals. When flying an RNAV1 arrival you will be vectored from the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) and to final approach.Aircraft following a STAR can expect, at any time, to be cleared direct to one of the Initial Approach Fixes (IAF), and subsequently thereafter vectored for the approach. Always plan your descent with having a possible direct to the IAFs in mind.
When established on the ILS, it is mandatory to maintain an airspeed of 160kt until 4nm from Threshold (THR). If unable to maintain this speed, ATC must be advised as soon as possible.
Do not proceed beyond IAF without explicit clearance.
Pilots are reminded that rapid exit from the runway enables ATC to apply minimum spacing on final approach. This will achieve a maximum runway utilisation and will minimise the occurrence of go-around.
The below table can be used as a general guideline for choosing parking positions at the airport.
|Gate||Usage||Example airlines and types
|1-10, 11-16||Medium jets, Schengen||AUA, DLH, NAX, SAS, VKG, BLX|
|17-20||Medium jets, non-Schengen||NAX, VKG, BLX|
|31-44||Medium jets, domestic||NAX, SAS|
|52-61||Medium/light props, domestic||NTJ, PHX|
|62-66||Medium jets, Schengen, non-Star Alliance||AFR, BER, FIN, KLM, NTJ, NLY, VLG|
|67-69||Medium jets, non-Schengen, non-Star Alliance||BAW,|
|F gates||Medium/heavy, Schengen and non-Schengen||SAS, THA, UAE,|
|G gates||Props||WIF, SAS|
|H, J, K gates||Hangar/maintanence area|
|M gates||De-Icing. Can be used for remote stands if required||VIP|
|R gates||Cargo - Jet aircraft|
|S gates||Cargo - prop aircraft||GA|
Mandatory reporting and entry points to Arlanda Control Zone (CTR) are established west, northwest, northeast and southeast. Arriving aircraft will be cleared from the entry points directly to downwind, base or final. The same applies for departing aircraft, being cleared directly to an exit point after departure. VFR traffic should expect to use only runway 01L or 19R for departures and arrivals. Clearance to cross extended center line of runway 01R or 19L for eastbound departures is implicit if cleared to leave the Control Zone (CTR) via one of the eastern visual reporting points, the same applies when arriving from the east and cleared to join base on runway 01L or 19R.