Trondheim Vaernes Airport
Trondheim Vaernes is an international airport located in Vaernes about 12km east of Trondheim, and is the fourth busiest airport in Norway. The airport has two terminals, one from 1994 which is used mainly for domestic traffic and one from 1982 which now has been renovated and is used for international traffic.
Vaernes was initially used by the Norwegian Army from 1887. In 1914 the first flight was made, and the facilities were installed gradually. Three concrete runways were built by the German Air Force during World War 2. As of now, only one of these are currently still in operational use. These days, most of of the airport area is owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, but the civilian facilities and the air traffic control are owned and operated by Avinor.
The main airlines serving Trondheim Vaernes is SAS, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Wideroe, and the main route service is to Oslo. This route is actually the fifth busiest route in Europe!
Charts & Flight procedures
The airport has a single runway (09/27), which is 2996x45 meters. Runway in use is primarily decided based on METAR and TAF, but exceptions does exist (see below). The aerodrome is restricted to aircraft which has a wingspan of less than 71 meter.
Landing Distance Available (LDA) on runway 09 is 2447 meters, LDA on runway 27 is 2471 meters
Take-Off Distance Available (TODA) on runway 09 is 3054 meters, TODA on runway 27 is 3003
The airport has one main taxiway, Y, which leads to the runway. Taxiway A4, A5, A6 are main exit points from the runway, while taxiway A1, A2, A3 and A8 are the main entry points to the runway. Taxiway A5 may be used as runway entry point for propeller aircrafts departing runway 09, while taxiway A6 may be used as runway entry point for propeller aircraft departing runway 27.
If the Runway Visual Range (RVR) falls below 800 meters, Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) are activated. LVP when RVR falls below 550 meteres restricts one aircraft movement on the maneuvering area at any time. If the RVR falls below 400m, no operations are allowed at the airport.
When traffic permits, in the time period of 2200-0600 (local time), runway 09 will be used for arrivals and runway 27 for departures. This is only applicable if braking action is good, the ceiling is 1500ft or higher, visibility is more than 5km, no windshear is reported or forecasted, crosswind component is less than 10kt and tailwind component is less than 5kt
Seagulls are a known phenomenon and may occor on and in the vicinity of the aerodrome. Swans are present in the vicinity of the aerodrome during winter. Flocks of geese usually passes north of the airport during spring migration in March/April, and during the autum migration they are present on and in the vicinity of the aerodrome in the period August to November.
Departure - IFR
Flight plan clearance may be obtained up to 30 minutes prior to Estimated Off Block Time (EOBT). When more than one Standard Instrument Departure (SID) exist to first waypoint of route, the longest SID is to be expected for aircraft with a filed True Airspeed (TAS) of 300 knots (KT) or more.
Stand 22: Straight back
Stand 23-29: Face north on taxiway H, except for CRJ and turboprop aircrafts which are to push straight back. Dash 8-300 and smaller may leave stand 22-28 by own power, and aircraft smaller than Dash 8-400 may leave stand 29 by own power.
Stand 30-31: Straight back, except for code D aircraft which are to face east or west on taxiway Y, depending on runway in use for departure.
Stand 30-37: Straight back for code C aircraft, except A321, B739, MD-80 series and MD-90 which are to face east or west on taxiway Y, depending on runway in use for departure.
Stand 38-39: Face east or west on taxiway Y, depending on runway in use for departure.
Stand 40-45: Face north on taxiway J, except for CRJ and turboprop aircrafts which are to push straight back. Aircraft leaving stand 43-45 shall be pushed/towed to startup position J2.
De-icing takes place on the de-icing area M1. De-icing of aircraft with reference code C or smaller will take place on M1A or M1B. Aircraft with reference code D or larger is to be de-iced on M1.
If requiring to use full length on runway 27 (backtrack from A8), ATC is to be informed prior to start up. Four engined aircraft with reference code D and E should apply minimum power on engine 1 and 4 during taxi.
Reduced runway separation is in use at the airport for aircraft categories 1 and 2.
Vaernes has established RNAV GNSS Standard Instrument Departures (SID) and Omni-Directional Departures. These departures has an initial climb of 6000ft. When above the Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA), or even after 2500ft, expect the possibility of directs/shortcuts. For propeller aircraft departing runway 09, and all aircraft departing runway 27, a visual turn to the north is to be anticipated after passing 1000ft. Aircrafts unable to fly an RNAV 1 departure must advise Air Traffic Control (ATC) when requesting clearance, and will be assigned an omni-directional departure.
Unlike at other airports, Vaernes Tower will first issue an instruction to line up, thereafter a clearance for take-off. These will always be issued separately.
Arrival - IFR
The airport has established RNAV GNSS Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STAR) which are RNAV 1. Aircraft unable for RNAV 1 arrivals must advise Norway ACC and Vaernes Approach as soon as practical, and can expect radar vectors for approach. Aircraft following a STAR can expect, at any time, to be cleared direct to one of the Initial Approach Fixes (IAF), and subsequently thereafter cleared for the approach as depicted on the charts. Always plan your descent with having a possible direct to the IAFs in mind.
Do not proceed beyond IAF without having received clearance for the approach!
When established on the ILS, it is mandatory to maintain an airspeed of 160kt until 4nm from Threshold (THR). If unable to maintain this speed, ATC must be advised as soon as possible.
Visual approach points MALOV (runway 09) and TUSMO (runway 27) are established for IFR traffic. These are applicable for all type of aircraft, and you need to be established on final track before passing these points. Propeller aircraft arriving from the north may be cleared to fly a closer visual approach, to join final 2nm from THR.
Windshear and/or moderate to severe turbulence may occur on, and south of, final approach runway 09 when winds are south, southeast at or above 25tk. If executing a visual approach, it is recommended to fly north of the centerline and establish on final closer to THR. Loss of headwind may occur on short final runway 27 when winds is from west at or above 20kt.
Use of reverse thrust is not permitted from 2200 to 0600 local time, except required for safety reason.
The below table can be used as a general guideline choosing parking positions at the airport.
|22-29||Domestic, prop and small jet||WIF, SAS|
|30-37||Domestic, jets||SAS, NAX|
|38-39||Seldom used. Domestic, prop||WIF|
|40-45||International||NAX, SAS, WZZ, KLM|
|GA Apron (south of taxiway J)||General aviation single engine prop||VFR.|
Engine runup is to take place on hardstand east east of taxiway A8. Traffic circuits are to be flown north of the aerodrome.
Mandatory reporting and entry points to Vaernes Control Zone (CTR) are established northwest, northeast, southeast and soutwest of the aerodrome. Routes to follow inside the CTR is also established, and should be expected to be used. Arriving aircraft may be cleared from the entry points directly to downwind, base or final, without having to fly the VFR routes inside the CTR. The same applies for departing aircraft, being cleared directly to an exit point after departure.