Stavanger Sola Airport
Sola Airport (ENZV) is located 6nm southwest of the town Stavanger and Norway's second oldest airport. The airport opened on the 29th of May 1937, and at that point was the second airport in Europe which got a concrete runway.
The airport was ceased by paratroopers of the German Army in April 1940 and was used by the Germans through out the war. The German Air Force explanded the airport considerably during the war, and at the beach Solastranda one can still see the former anti-aircraft installations-
It was put forward an idea to locate Stavanger airport in the area of Forus, but after the war the Norwegian Air Force continued to use Sola in the new airport was built in the same location, and as such the idea of an airport at Forus never became anything of. In 1982 the last fighter jet squadron stationed at the airport left, and now leaves only a search and rescue squadron consisting of Sea King Helicopters. Stavanger Sola (ENZV) is the third busiest airport in Norway and is served by SAS, Norwegian Air Shuttle (NAX), Wideroe (WIF), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM), British Airways (BAW), Wizzair (WZZ), Atlantic Airways (FLI) and others.
Sola is one of the main airports for offshore helicopter flights to the oil platforms. Initially, the offshore helicopter service took place at Forus, which was also was built during World War 2, but in the 1970s and 1980 this was quickly found to be a poor solution, especially considering the that the idea of expanding Forus as an airport instead of Sola never came true. As such, a new helicopter terminal was opened at Sola in 1989.
The city of Stavanger is known for its offshore and oil industry, as a result of which many helicopter flights are performed to and from the airport on a daily basis. Royal Norwegian Air Force operates search and rescue helicopters from Sola Air Station.
Charts & Flight procedures
The airport has two runways, 18/36 and 11/29. Runway 18/36 is 2706x60 meters, and runway 11/29 is 2449x45 meters. Rrunway 18/36 is the preferred runway for scheduled air traffic with turbopro and jet aircraft. Runway 29 is, unless necessary as a result of weather conditions, not to be used by arriving traffic, while runway 11 is not to be used for departing traffic. Runway 11 is the main runway for arriving helicopter traffic and runway 29 is the main runway for departing helicopter traffic. Runway 11 is often used as arrival runway for regional and international turboprop aircraft if this provides a shorter flight route.
Simultaneous instrument approaches with helicopters approaching runway 11 and other aircraft approaching runway 18/36 is often conducted. Aircraft involved will not receive traffic information about concerned traffic, as the approaches are considered to be separated.
Helicopters may be allowed to operate in the landing pattern for runway 29 west of taxiway E2, and to take off from runway 29 or land on runway 11 while other aircraft is taking off or landing on runway 18/36. These operations are considered to be separated from each, and traffic information to involved aircraft about concerned traffic will not be provided.
Landing Distance Available (LDA) on runway 18 is 2496 meters, LDA on runway 36 is 2406 meters, LDA on runway 11 is 2199 meters, LDA on runway 29 is 2049 meters
Take-Off Distance Available (TODA) on runway 18 is 2826 meters, TODA on runway 36 is 2856 meters, TODA on runway 11 is 2449 meters, TODA on runway 29 is 2499 meters.
The airport has two main taxiways, G and L. Taxiway G leads to runway 18/36, while taxiway L is the inner taxiway on the apron and also leads to runway 11. Taxiway A1, E1 and runway 29 are are main exit points from runway 18/36, while E1 and G1 are main entry points to runway. Runway 11 is often used as entry point to runway 36 for departing prop and turboprop aircraft, while taxiway A1 is often used as an entry point for the same aircraft type departing runway 18.
If the Runway Visual Range (RVR) falls below 750 meters and/or ceiling is below 250ft, Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) are activated. However, LVP may also be initiated by ATC when RVR is below 1000m and/or ceiling is below 300ft. Runway 18 is certified for ILS Category II approaches, and Low Visibility Take-Off procedures are established, meaning if runway 18 is in use, the airport will remain operational as long as the ceiling is above 100ft and RVR is greater than 300m. If runway 36 must be used because of the wind conditions, the airport allows departures if the ceiling is above 100ft and RVR is greater than 300m, but arrivals on runway 36 can only be accepted if the ceiling is above 200ft and the RVR is greater than 550 meters.
Departure - IFR
The pushack procedures at Sola is somewhat complex, allowing three different pushbacks from almost every stand. Please refer to the pushback procedures found in the AIP. After pushback, run-up must be completed before requesting taxi.
De-icing takes place on the de-icing area by taxiway Q and P. Aircraft with reference code F must be guided to the de-icing platform by follow-me. If de-icing is required, Air Traffic Control must be informed prior to start up.
If requiring to use full length on runway 27 (backtrack from A8), ATC is to be informed prior to start up. Four engined aircraft with reference code D and E should apply minimum power on engine 1 and 4 during taxi.
Reduced runway separation is in use at the airport for aircraft categories 1 and 2.
Sola has established RNAV Standard Instrument Departures (SID) and Omni-Directional Departures. RNAV sids have an initial climb of 6000ft, while omni-directional departures has an initial climb of 5000ft. When above the Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA) expect the possibility of directs/shortcuts. Aircrafts unable to fly an RNAV 1 departure must advise Air Traffic Control (ATC) when requesting clearance, and will be assigned an omni-directional departure.
All jet- and multi engine aircraft with a Maximum Take-Off Mass (MTOM) above 5700kg must climb straight ahead to 3000ft before any turn is commenced. Aircraft with less MTOM than 5700kg may commence a turn at 2000ft. Single engine aircraft may commence a turn at 500ft. These procedures are mainly applicable if departing visually in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) and terrain avoidance can be assured by means of visual references.
Procedures for helicopters are established, please refer to the AIP.
Arrival - IFR
The airport has established RNAV Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STAR) which are RNAV 1. Aircraft unable for RNAV 1 arrivals must advise Norway ACC and Sola Approach as soon as practical, and can expect radar vectors for approach. Aircraft following a STAR can expect, at any time, to be cleared direct to one of the Initial Approach Fixes (IAF), and subsequently thereafter cleared for the approach as depicted on the charts. Always plan your descent with having a possible direct to the IAFs in
Do not proceed beyond IAF without having received clearance for the approach!
Visual approaches are permitted, and widely used at Sola. An aircraft which has the runway in sight may at any time request a visual approach. If a clearance for visual approach is given, overflying built up areas is to be avoided and the approach track should not be unnecessarilyextende. If flying a visual approach to runway 36 and 11, the PAPI glideslope is to be followed from 1000ft. Visual approaches to runway 18 shall be established on the extended centre line at minimum 2000ft. Visual approach to runway 18 from the east is to avoid overflying Stavanger city. If approaching visually to runway 11/29, and going to execute a circle to land maneuver, circling is to be made south of the runway. If approaching visually to runway 18/36, and going to execute a circle to land maneuver, circling is to be made west of the runway.
Procedures for helicopters are established, please refer to the AIP.
The below table can be used as a general guideline for choosing parking positions at the airport.
|15-24||Domestic||SAS, NAX, WIF|
|7-14||International||SAS, NAX, KLM, BAW, WZZ, WIF|
|Apron 9 and 10||Visiting commercial flights||Executive aircraft and other non-scheduled commercial|
|Apron 10 and 13||Visiting non-commercial flights||Personal executive aircraft|
|GA Apron||General aviation single engine prop||GA apron is located in the northern part of the airport, west of taxiway G2|
VFR traffic mainly use runway 11/29 for departure and arrival. Expect to enter/leave the runway via taxiway H or G5. Traffic circuits are to be flow south of runway 11/29 and east of runway 18/29 Engine runup is to take place on hardstand east east of taxiway A8. Traffic circuits are to be flown north of the aerodrome.
Mandatory reporting and entry points to Sola Control Zone (CTR) are established northwest, north, northeast, southeast and southwest of the aerodrome. Routes to follow inside the CTR are also established, and should be expected to be used. Arriving aircraft may be cleared from the entry points directly to downwind, base or final, without having to fly the VFR routes inside the CTR. The same applies for departing aircraft, being cleared directly to an exit point after departure.
VFR traffic must be aware high raising terrain and masts east of the aerodrome, with peaks ranging from 1100ft to 2300ft around 6-17 nm from the aerodrome. There is also a peak/mast northeast of the aerodrome at about 1300ft.