Copenhagen Kastrup Airport

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden including Scania. It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 30 million passengers in 2018 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe. It is the third-busiest airport in Northern Europe, and the busiest for international travel in Scandinavia.

The airport is located on the island of Amager, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre, which is connected to Copenhagen via the Øresund Bridge. The airport covers an area of 11.8 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi). Most of the airport is situated in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in the city of Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) and is also an operating base for Norwegian Air Shuttle (NAX), Jettime (JTG) and Sunclass Airlines (VKG). Copenhagen Airport handles around 60 scheduled airlines, and has a maximum operation capability of 83 operations/hour, and a total of 108 jet bridges and remote parking stands. 

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, whose formal name is Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.

Charts & Flight procedures

Click here to download aeronautical charts for Kastrup.

Aerodrome

The airport has two parallel runways, 04L/22R and 04R/22L, and a crossing runway, 12/30, which physically crosses runway 04R/22L. 

Copenhagen airport has a quite complex taxiway layout which has potential to create confusion. For arrivals on runway 22L expect to taxi via B and Y or runway 12/30 to stand. Tower controls aircrafts until they have left or crossed runway 12/30. Arrivals to 04L should expect to vacate to the left unless otherwise instructed. Departure for 22R will taxi via Z or Y crossing 12/30 at A or F. When traffic permits aircrafts from the southeast area of the apron may be cleared via B to E1. Departing aircrafts from runway 04R will taxi via Z and B. Tower controls runway 12/30 so expect handover before reaching this runway. All cargo traffic will taxi via ruwnay 12/30 to the Apron East.

Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) is active when the Runway Visual Range (RVR) for one or more runways falls below 800m. ILS CAT II will be operational at an RVR of less than 800m and if the RVR falls below 400m ILS CAT III will be operational.

The only parking stand capable of handling the Airbus A380 is C39

Departure - IFR

Flight plan clearance may be obtained from Kastrup Clearance (delivery) up to 30 minutes prior to Estimated Off Block Time (EOBT). Pushback and start-up is given by Kastrup Apron (ground).If parked outside of Apron North request pushback and start-up clearance from Kastrup Tower.

Pushback is mainly straight back or aligned with the outbound taxiway, except for D and E stands where pushback will be done aligned with outbound taxiway. The table below may be used by ATC on discretion, or requested by the pilot. For heavy aircrafts, the start up position in the table is mainly used. Stands F is stands you leave on your own power via right turn.

Parking stand Pushback position
A4-A21 J4
A22-A26 J3
A28-A30 J2
A31 J2 / Z2
A32-A34 Z1 / Z2
A50 L2
A15-A17 Y0
A12-A14 Y1
B10 M1
B16 Y2
B17, B19 Y3
B15 Y3 / P2
B7-B9 P1
C28-C32 Q1
C34-C36 Q2
C27-C33 R1
C35 R2
C37 R3
C39* R4
E20-E36 S1
F1-F4 W2
F5-F9 W3

*A380 is pushed to de-icing platform on B

If de-icing is required, inform Kastrup Clearance on initial contact. All de-icing will be performed at either deicing pad on taxiway A, B or V. 

Runway 04R and 22R is the preferential runways for departure. Runway 12 or runway 30 may be used when the preferential runways cannot be used due to one of the following in the time period 0600 to 2300 local time:

  • The crosswind component on 04R/22R exceeds 15kts
  • The friction coefficient is below 0.30 on any part of runway 04R/22R
  • Snow clearance in progress on the preferential runways
  • A disabled aircraft is blocking the preferential runways
  • Work is taking place on 04R/22R or the taxiways, hindering access to these runways
  • The condition of the preferential runways deems it necessary to use another runway.

Propeller and turboprop aeroplanes with a Maximum Takeoff Mass (MTOM) below 11000 kg has no restrictions for use of the runways in the period from 0600 to 2300 local time.  

Takeoff roll on runway 12 is to be commenced from taxiway K3. Takeoff roll on runway 22L is to be commenced from taxiway V1 or V2.
When the runway in use is 22L/R, runway 22L shall be used for takeoff between 2300 to 0600 local time, unless it cannot be used due to snow clearance, disabled aircraft, work on the runway, runway conditions or when runway 22L must be used due to low visibility procedures or when an extraordinary traffic situation causes delays of more than one hour.
Airbus A380 is only allowed to depart 04R/22L.

Kastrup has established Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV) Standard Instrument Departures (SID) and Omni-Directional Departures. RNAV SIDs have an initial climb of flight level (FL) 070 from runway 22L/R and runway 04L/R, while the initial climb from runway 12/30 is 4000ft. The omni-directional departures usually has the same initial climb as the P-RNAV departures, and is usually to maintain runway heading. When above the Minimum Radar Vectoring Altitude (MRVA) or Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA), expect the possibility of directs/shortcuts to your first flight plan waypoint.

Kastrup has JET only and PROP only departures, as well as departures with restrictions. Please refer to the table below.  

SID Type
ASTOS Prop ONLY
KEMAX Jet ONLY
SIMEG Jet ONLY
BALOX Prop ONLY
BETUD Only for operators not permitted to overfly Swedish territory.  
NEXEN Jet ONLY
KOPEX Prop ONLY
LANGO Jet ONLY
ODN All
MIKSI Jet ONLY
GOLGA All
VEDAR All

Remain on tower frequency until 1000ft, then contact departure unless otherwise instructed.

Reduced runway separation is in use at the airport for aircraft categories 1, 2 and 3 in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC). Meaning, if you are flying a Boieng 737, you may cleared for take-off once the preceeding aircraft (for example a Boeing 737) has just lifted off from the runway. If additional wake turbulance separation is required, ATC must be notified. Pilots needs to be able to commence take-off roll immediately when clearance for take-off is issued. 

Arrival - IFR

Kastrup has conventional and Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV) Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STAR). Arrivals to Kastrup is mainly executed via being assigned the conventional STARs and thereafter receiving radar vectors for final approach. During night, the P-RNAV STARs may be used, and this will bring the aircraft all the way on to the ILS.

Pilots are to expect to be cleared via non RNAV Standard Arrival Routes (STAR) or direct to one of the approach points, and then vectors for final ILS approach. When being vectored, you can expect to establish on a 10nm file final at 3000ft or 6nm final at 2000ft. At any time, expect a clearance direct one of the approach points in the table below.

Do not deviate from the indicated heading on the assigned STAR chart until instructed!

Airbus A380 is only allowed to arrive on 04R/22L.

Runway Approach point
04L/R ERPUK, DOPEM, BASLO
22L/R ABEGI, ADOVI, ULTIS, LAMOX
12 BASLO, EPOXO, LAMOX
30 BASLO, LAMOX, ULTIS


Runway 04L and 22L is the preferential runways for arrival. Runway 12 or runway 30 may be used when the preferential runways cannot be used due to one of the following in the time period 0600 to 2300 local time:

  • The crosswind component on 04L/22L exceeds 15kts
  • The friction coefficient is below 0.30 on any part of runway 04L/22L
  • Snow clearance in progress on the preferential runways
  • A disabled aircraft is blocking the preferential runways
  • Work is taking place on 04L/22L or the taxiways, hindering access to these runways
  • The condition of the preferential runways deems it necessary to use another runway.

Runway 30 may be used for landings unrestricted between 0600 to 2300 local time or on ATC discretion or pilots request. A request to land on runway 30 will be facilitated by ATC if practical, but it may result in delays for the arriving aircraft.

When established on the ILS, it is mandatory to maintain an airspeed of 160kt until 4nm from Threshold (THR). If unable to maintain this speed, ATC must be advised as soon as possible.

Separation between two aircrafts on the same approach may be decreased by ATC to 2,5nm on the ILS if necessary. It will only be applied only if wake turbulence is not a factor.

Pilots are reminded that rapid exit from the runway enables ATC to apply minimum spacing on final approach. This will achieve a maximum runway utilisation and will minimise the occurrence of go-around. 

Parking positions
The below table can be used as a general guideline choosing parking positions at the airport.

Gate
Usage
Example airlines and types
A18-A23
Medium jets, Schengen
KLM, AFR, NAX
A4-A8, A12-A17
Medium jets, Schengen, non-Star Alliance
BER, SWR, BEL
A7-A11
Medium/light props, domestic
DTR, SAS - ATR 42/72
B gates
Medium jets, Schengen
SAS, NAX, DLH
C10
Heavy, Schengen
 
C39
Super heavy
UAE - A380
Other C-gates
Medium/heavy, non-Schengen
BAW, SAS, NAX
D1-D4
Medium jets, virtual airlines
Fictional carriers (VAs)
F1-F9
Medium jets, low price carriers
EZY, RYR, TRA
F89-F98
Props
WIF - Dash 8
H-gates
Long term parking, VIP
 
E-gates
Hangar/maintainence area
 
G110
G111
Helicopters
 
G120-
G137
Cargo
DHL, UAE, SQC

VFR

Mandatory reporting and entry points to Kastrup Control Zone (CTR) are established north and west. Arriving aircraft will be cleared from the entry points via VFR routes in the CTR and then to join downwind, base or final. The same applies for departing aircraft, will mainly be cleared via one of the VFR routes to the exit points after departure. VFR traffic should expect to use only runway 04R/22L for departures and arrivals. Clearance to cross extended center lines of the runways is implicit if a clearence to leave join a VFR route or an approach means crossing the extended centerlines. 

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